Osteomyelitis occurs when a bacterial infection from another part of the body spreads to the bone. In children, an infection in the blood is a common cause of osteomyelitis. This is because a child's growing, bones have an increased blood supply. That makes it easier for the bacteria to get into the bone. An infection from nearby soft tissue or from a wound may also lead to osteomyelitis.
In children, the bacteria that most often cause osteomyelitis is Staphylococcus aureusor Staph.
These are common symptoms of osteomyelitis:
Seek medical attention right away if you think your child has osteomyelitis. The symptoms of osteomyelitis may look like other conditions or health problems. Always consult your child's doctor for a diagnosis.
The sudden development of symptoms and the physical exam are key to diagnosing osteomyelitis.
Your child may have the following tests:
Your child’s healthcare provider will figure out the best treatment based on:
Your child will probably be treated by one or more specialists. He or she will be given antibiotics. First into a vein (intravenous, or IV) for at least 3 days. And, then by mouth for a few weeks. Other treatment will be given to ease pain. Surgery to remove infected tissue may be done. But this is uncommon in children.
Call the healthcare provider if your child has any of the following:
Also call the provider if your child has any of these In the area of the infection: