Hyperparathyroidism is when the parathyroid glands make too much parathyroid hormone. The condition is rare in children.
The parathyroid glands are 4 tiny glands on the thyroid. The hormone they make helps manage levels of calcium in the bloodstream. High levels of the hormone lead to high levels of calcium. This occurs because the hormone causes bones to start breaking down. Minerals from the bone are released into the blood. This causes high levels of calcium in the blood. The calcium is then processed by the kidneys. This process can cause thinning bones (osteoporosis) and kidney stones. Kidney stones are hard mineral crystals that get stuck in the urinary system.
Causes can include:
The condition in children is more often part of a syndrome, such as multiple endocrine neoplasia.
A child is at risk for if he or she has any of these:
Symptoms can occur a bit differently in each child. They can include:
The symptoms of hyperparathyroidism can be like other health conditions. Make sure your child sees his or her healthcare provider for a diagnosis.
The condition can be hard to diagnose. The healthcare provider will ask about your child’s symptoms and health history. He or she may also ask about your family’s health history. He or she will give your child a physical exam. Your child may also have tests, such as:
If untreated, the condition can lead to serious complications including:
Call your child’s healthcare provider if your child has symptoms of hyperparathyroidism. If your child has been diagnosed with the condition, call the healthcare provider if your child has: