Signs can occur a bit differently in each child. They can include:
The signs of achondroplasia can be like other health conditions. Make sure your child sees his or her healthcare provider for a diagnosis.
Achondroplasia can be diagnosed before birth by fetal ultrasound. This test uses sound waves and a computer to create images of the baby growing in the womb. DNA testing can also be done before birth to confirm fetal ultrasound results.
The condition can also be diagnosed after birth with a physical exam.
There is no treatment for changing the condition. But different kinds of treatment can be done to help relieve problems caused by the condition.
Surgery may be done to:
Other treatments may include:
Treatment with growth hormone does not largely affect the height of a person with achondroplasia.
Health problems are common in children and adults with achondroplasia. Not all of the below problems occur in every child with achondroplasia. Each problem can be addressed by your child's healthcare team. Problems may include:
A child with the condition may also have small vertebral canals. These are the spaces inside the spinal bones. This may lead to spinal cord compression as a child gets older. In rare cases, a child with achondroplasia may die suddenly in infancy or early childhood during sleep because of compression of the upper end of the spinal cord. Compression in this area causes problems with breathing.