When the wall between the bladder and the vagina weakens, the bladder may drop or sag into the vagina. This disorder in women is called cystocele.
Cystoceles are grouped into grades:
Mild. The bladder droops only a short way into the vagina.
More severe. The bladder has sunk into the vagina far enough to reach the opening of the vagina.
Most advanced. The bladder bulges out through the opening of the vagina.
A cystocele may be caused by the following:
Symptoms of cystocele include:
Your doctor will review your medical history and do a physical and pelvic exam. Other tests may include:
Other tests may be needed to find out if there are any problems in the other areas of the urinary system.
Treatment depends on the grade of the cystocele and may include: