Analgesics are painkillers. Examples include:
Taking one or a mix of these medicines daily over a long time may cause chronic kidney problems. This is called analgesic nephropathy. Painkillers that combine 2 or more medicines (such as, aspirin and acetaminophen together) with caffeine or codeine are the most likely to harm the kidneys. Painkillers with codeine require a prescription.
These are the most common symptoms of analgesic nephropathy:
Some people have no symptoms. Kidney damage may be picked up by routine blood tests. The symptoms of analgesic nephropathy may look like other medical conditions or problems. Always consult your health care provider for a diagnosis.
Your doctor will review your medical history and do a physical exam. Other tests may include:
Your health care provider will figure out the best treatment based on:
Treatment may include:
Treatment aims to prevent any further kidney damage, and treat any existing kidney failure.
Some cases of acute kidney failure have been linked to the use of painkillers, including aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen. Many of these people had risk factors, such as:
Consult your health care provider for more information about diagnosis and treatment of analgesic nephropathy and kidney failure.