Torticollis, also known as wryneck, is a twisting of the neck that causes the head to rotate and tilt at an odd angle.
The exact cause of torticollis is unknown.
Congenital muscular torticollis is more likely to occur in firstborn children. This may also be accompanied by a congenital hip dislocation. The cause is likely from the fetus’s position in the uterus resulting in injury to the neck muscles.
Acquired torticollis may be caused by irritation to the cervical ligaments from a viral infection, injury, or vigorous movement. Additional causes may include:
Torticollis may also be a secondary condition that results from the following:
The following are the most common symptoms of torticollis. However, each person may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include:
The symptoms of torticollis may resemble other conditions and medical problems. Always consult your health care provider for a diagnosis.
Diagnosis of torticollis usually is confirmed with a medical history and physical exam.
Specific treatment for torticollis will be determined by your health care provider based on:
Treatment may include:
If your symptoms have not improved within the time frame suggested by your health care provider, you should let him/her know. Also, if your symptoms get worse or you get new symptoms, you should let your provider know.
Tips to help you get the most from a visit to your health care provider: