Schizophrenia caused by a chemical imbalance and other changes in the brain. It tends to run in families, but the environment may also play a role.
While it affects men and women the same, symptoms tend to start earlier in men than in women. It’s rare in childhood.
Each person may feel symptoms differently. These are the most common symptoms:
These symptoms can make it very hard to function in the world and take care of yourself. People with this illness are usually not violent.
The symptoms of schizophrenia may look like other problems or mental health conditions. Always consult a health care provider for a diagnosis.
To diagnose this disease, your health care provider will ask about your medical history and symptoms. You may also have a physical exam. You may also have lab tests to rule out other conditions.
Mental health care professionals diagnose and treat this illness. They often interview family members. This helps doctors get a complete picture of the symptoms.
Managing schizophrenia is a lifelong process. It can’t be cured. But, symptoms can often be managed with medication and therapy. Often, more than one method is needed. Types of treatment that may be helpful include:
Early treatment and supportive services helps affected people live productive lives. It’s very important to take medications exactly as prescribed and continue to take them even if you feel better. Many people may continue to have some symptoms, even with treatment. At times, symptoms may get worse and treatment will need to be adjusted.
Always consult your health care provider for more information.
When you have schizophrenia, it is very important to take care of yourself and make good choices.
Tips to help you get the most from a visit to your health care provider: