The most common smell and taste disorders are:
In other disorders, odors, tastes, or flavors may be misread or distorted. They may cause you to detect a bad odor or taste from something that is normally pleasant to taste or smell. These disorders can affect quality of life. They may also be a sign of underlying disease.
Problems with taste and smell can suggest certain health problems, such as:
Some people are born with these disorders, but most are caused by:
Symptoms can range from the not being able to smell or taste at all to the reduced ability to smell or taste specific things that are sweet, sour, bitter or salty. In some cases, normally pleasant tastes or smells may become unpleasant.
Along with a complete medical history and physical exam, other test may include:
Your health care provider will figure out the best treatment for you based on:
Treatment may include:
While both smell and taste disorders affect quality of life, smell disorders can be dangerous. They damage your ability to detect such things as:
Taste disorders can affect nutrition and lead to weight loss and malnutrition. It can also harm the immune system and worsen other medical conditions.
Tips to help you get the most from a visit to your health care provider: