Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary artery disease, commonly known as coronary heart disease, or simply, heart disease, is the number one killer in America. Heart disease is a broad term used to describe a range of diseases that affect your heart, and in some cases, your blood vessels. When you have coronary artery disease, your arteries become hard and narrow.
Blood has a hard time getting to your heart and your heart does not get all the blood it needs. Coronary artery disease can lead to any of the various diseases that fall under the umbrella of heart disease, including diseases of your blood vessels. These include angina, heart attack, heart failure, coronary artery disease, heart rhythm problems (arrhythmias), and heart defects you're born with (congenital heart defects).
Heart disease is responsible for 40 percent of all the deaths in the United States, more than all forms of cancer combined. Many forms of heart disease can be prevented or treated with healthy lifestyle choices and diet and exercise.
What are the symptoms of coronary artery disease?
The most common symptom is angina, or chest pain. Other common symptoms include:
- Pain or discomfort in other areas of the upper body including the arms, left shoulder, back, neck, jaw, or stomach
- Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
- Sweating or “cold sweat”
- Fullness, indigestion, or choking feeling (may feel like “heartburn”)
- Nausea or vomiting
- Light-headedness, dizziness, extreme weakness or anxiety
- Rapid or irregular heart beats