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Cardiothoracic Surgical Procedures

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery

At The Sands-Constellation Heart Institute’s Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, our physicians are trained in the most advanced procedures available, including minimally invasive cardiac surgery and valve repair and replacement.  The Sands-Constellation Heart Institute at Rochester General includes an active cardiac surgery program, offering surgical options for a wide-spectrum of heart disease. Our professional team of specialists, nurses and technicians offer you leading-edge surgery options for the treatment of your cardiac condition.

The following sections list common cardiothoracic surgical procedures so that you can better understand the surgery you or your loved one will be undergoing.

Coronary Bypass Surgery (CABG)

This surgery is done to restore normal blood flow to heart muscle. The saphenous vein from the leg or the internal mammary artery (chest artery) may be used to create a bypass of the blocked section of coronary artery.

Minimally Invasive Bypass Surgery 

This advanced procedure allows patients to undergo heart surgery without having to split the breastbone. With "minimally invasive cardiac surgery," doctors make a two-inch incision, insert a thoroscope with specially designed tools, and conduct the procedure.

Left internal Mammary Artery Surgery

Radial Artery Surgery

Valve Replacement/Repair Surgery

Minimally Invasive Valve Replacement Surgery

Ross Procedure

This procedure replaces the aortic valve with the patient's own pulmonary valve, and the original pulmonary valve is then replaced with a cadaveric pulmonary valve.

Bental Procedure

This procedure is done for patients who need aortic valve replacement in addition to replacement of the ascending aorta or aortic root.

Mitral Valve Repairs and Replacements

Aortic Valve Replacements

Atrial Septic Defect Repairs (ASD)
This procedure is done to repair an atrial septal defect, or a lack of tissue between the two upper heart chambers.

Pacemaker Insertion

Defibrillator Insertion
A defibrillator is an electronic device used to establish normal heartbeat.

Thoracic Aortic Procedure



Pulmonary (lung) Procedures

Esophageal Procedures