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Cynthia Howard, MD

Director of Mother-Baby Unit

Phone: (585) 922-5658

Faculty Title: Associate Professor of Pediatrics, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry; Pediatric Director, Mother Baby Unit, Rochester General Hospital

Medical School: University of Colorado Health Science Center, Boulder, CO

Training and Fellowships:  Internship:  Pediatrics, University of S Carolina, Columbia, SC;  Residency: Pediatrics, Children’s Hospital of Greenville, Greenville, SC;  Fellowship:  General Academic Pediatrics, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry

Board Certifications:  American Board of Pediatrics

Clinical Interests and Expertise: Infant nutrition with emphasis on breastfeeding problems and management, infant pain

Selected Publications of Interest:

  1. C. R. Howard, F. M. Howard, B. Lanphear, S. Eberly, E. A. deBlieck, D. Oakes, and R. A. Lawrence. Randomized clinical trial of pacifier use and bottle-feeding or cupfeeding and their effect on breastfeeding. Pediatrics 111 (3):511-518, 2003.

  2. Lanphear BP, Eberly S, Howard CR. Cumulative effect of dust control on blood lead levels. Pediatrics 2000;106:e48.

  3. Howard CR, Howard FM, Lawrence R, Andresen E, de Blieck E, Weitzman M. The effect on breastfeeding of physicians’ office-based prenatal formula advertising. Obstetrics and Gynecology 2000;95(2):296-303.

  4. Howard CR, de Blieck E, tenHoopen C, Howard FM, Lanphear BP. A, Lawrence R. Physiologic stability of newborns during cup- and bottle-feeding. Pediatrics 1999;104(5):1204-1207.

  5. Howard CR, Howard FM, Fortune K, Generelli P, Zolnoun D, tenHoopen C, de Blieck E. A randomized controlled trial of EMLA vs. DPNB for pain relief during neonatal circumcision. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 1999;181:1506-11.

  6. Howard CR, Howard FM, Lanphear BP, de BlieckEA, Eberly S, Lawrence R. The effects of early pacifier use on breastfeeding duration. Pediatrics 1999;103:e33.

  7. Lanphear BP, Howard CR, Eberly S, Kolassa J, Weitzman M, Alexander K, Auinger P, Schaffer S. Primary prevention of childhood lead exposure: a randomized trial of dust control. Pediatrics 1999;103(4):772-777.

  8. Howard CR, Howard FM, Garfunkel LC, de BlieckEA, Weitzman M. Neonatal circumcision and pain relief: current training practices. Pediatrics 1998;101:423-428.

  9. Howard CR, Howard FM, Weitzman ML.  Acetaminophen Analgesia in Neonatal Circumcision:  The Effect on Pain.  Pediatrics  1994;93:641-646.

  10. Howard CR, Howard FM, Weitzman ML.  Infant Formula Distribution and Advertising in Pregnancy:  A Hospital Survey.  Birth  1994;21:14-19.

  11. Howard CR, Lawrence R. Breastfeeding. In: Primary Care for Women, Leppert PC, Howard FM, Hartman D. eds., Philadelphia: Lippincott-Raven, 2003, in press.

  12. Howard CR, Lawrence RA.  Xenobiotics and Breastfeeding. In: Breastfeeding 2001. Pediatric Clinics of North America. Shanler R, ed. Philadelphia. W.B. Saunders 2001;48:485-504.

  13. Howard CR.  Breastfeeding problems/complication.  In: Mosby’s Pediatric Advisor, Garfunkel L, Christy C, Kaczorowski J eds.  St Louis, MO. Mosby 2001.

  14. Howard CR.  Breastmilk and breastfeeding jaundice. In: Mosby’s Pediatric Advisor, Garfunkel L, Christy C, Kaczorowski J eds. St Louis, MO. Mosby 2001.

  15. Lawrence RA, Howard CR. Given the benefits of breastfeeding, are there any contraindications? In: Clinics in Perinatology, Wagner C, ed. Philadelphia. W.B. Saunders, 1999;25(2):pp.479-490.

  16. Howard CR. Breastfeeding. In: Ambulatory Pediatrics, Green, Haggerty, Weitzman, eds., Philadelphia: Philadelphia, PA.,W.B. Saunders, 1999, pp.109-116.

  17. Kendig J, Howard CR. Caring for the normal newborn in an era of managed care. In: Pediatrics in Review. Vol 19 No. 12-CD; December, 1998.

  18. Howard CR, Lawrence RA. Substance abuse and breastfeeding.  In:  Obstetrical Clinics of North America, Woods J, ed. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1998;25:195-217.

  19. Howard CR, Lawrence R.  Breastfeeding.   In: Primary Care for Women, Leppert PC, Howard FM, eds., Philadelphia: Lippincott-Raven, 1997, pp. 189-198.

  20. Byrd R, Howard CR.  Children’s Passive and Prenatal Exposure to Cigarette Smoke.  Pediatric Annals.  1995;24:640-645.